LOG#181. Duality and gravity: a short note.

The 2nd superstring revolution circled/circles about (electromagnetic) duality. In D=4 (or general space-time), duality transformations for the electromagnetic field strength read and for the dual field 2-curvature They are true symmetry for the Maxwell equations in vacuum, , and for … Continue reading

LOG#180. Hadronic mysteries.

Hi, everyone! Today is not today. Elementary particles are known to fall in two species, taking for granted the Standard Model (SM): bosons and fermions. The SM bosons are photons, gluons, W and Z bosons and the recently found Higgs … Continue reading