LOG#190. Fundamental challenges (II).

The main challenge we are left to the 21st century and beyond is to unify every interaction into a single theory. Today, we have two main theories: The Standard Model, for particle physics. The cosmological Standard Model, or -CDM, as … Continue reading

LOG#189. Fundamental challenges.

The marriage between gravity and quantum mechanics is “complicated”. The best physicists and brightest minds have tried, but only with partial success. String/superstring theory, now M-theory, is a curious story. The another story is canonical quantum gravity, or loop quantum … Continue reading

LOG#188. Scales of (quantum) gravity?

Hello, world! In the paper Notes on several phenomenological laws of quantum gravity, by Jean-Philippe Bruneton, you find a very interesting discussion I am going to enlarge about the scales of (quantum) gravity. With Planck quantities:         … Continue reading

LOG#187. Hypothetical particles: the list.

Fast post! List of particles not yet confirmed or completely confirmed to exist: Preons. (“boojums” and “snarks”?) Pre-preons. Prequarks. Rishons. Subquarks. Haplons. Hexads/Hexons (and trons?). Bradyons (tardyons, ittyons). Superbradyons. Elvisebrions. Erebons. Darkons. . . -bosons, -particles. -bosons, -particles. Luxons (beyond … Continue reading

LOG#186. Polylogarithmic condensates.

Today, I return to my best friends. The polylogs! Are you ready for polylog wars? The polylogarithm can be represented by the next integral: (1)   As you know, if you follow my blog, you have         … Continue reading

LOG#185. Geometricobjects.

I have the power! I have a power BETTER than the Marvel’s tesseract. It is called physmatics. Hi, there! We are back to school. This time, I am going to give you a tour with some geometrical objects, or geometricobjects, … Continue reading

LOG#181. Duality and gravity: a short note.

The 2nd superstring revolution circled/circles about (electromagnetic) duality. In D=4 (or general space-time), duality transformations for the electromagnetic field strength read and for the dual field 2-curvature They are true symmetry for the Maxwell equations in vacuum, , and for … Continue reading

LOG#180. Hadronic mysteries.

Hi, everyone! Today is not today. Elementary particles are known to fall in two species, taking for granted the Standard Model (SM): bosons and fermions. The SM bosons are photons, gluons, W and Z bosons and the recently found Higgs … Continue reading

LOG#170. The shortest papers ever: the list.

Hi, everyone. In this short post I am going to discuss some of the shortest papers ever written all over the world!!!!! This idea came to my mind due to a post by @seanmcarroll on twitter and other social networks… … Continue reading

LOG#169. A two level problem.

This post is the solution of the following problem: pick an atom with two energy levels. They have a transition wavelength of 580nm. At room temperature are in the lower state. 1) How many atoms are in the upper state, … Continue reading